Throughout its history, the United Kingdom has been a major producer and source of musical creation, drawing its artistic basis from the history of the United Kingdom , from church music , Western culture , and the ancient and traditional folk music and instrumentation of England , Scotland , Northern Ireland , and Wales. In the 20th century, influences from the music of the United States became dominant in popular music. Following this was the explosion of the British Invasion —spearheaded by Liverpool band the Beatles , often regarded as the most influential band of all time  —which saw British rock bands themselves become highly influential in the United States and around the world, while subsequent notable movements in British music included the new wave of British heavy metal and Britpop. The United Kingdom has one of the world's largest music industries , with many British musicians having influenced modern music on a global scale. Music in the British Isles, from the earliest recorded times until the Baroque and the rise of recognisably modern classical music , was a diverse and rich culture, including sacred and secular music and ranging from the popular to the elite. Church music and religious music were profoundly affected by the Protestant Reformation which affected Britain from the 16th century, which curtailed events associated with British music and forced the development of distinctive national music, worship and belief. English madrigals , lute ayres and masques in the Renaissance era led particularly to English language opera developed in the early Baroque period of the later seventeenth century. The Baroque era in music, between the early music of the Medieval and Renaissance periods and the development of fully fledged and formalised orchestral classical music in the second half of the eighteenth century, was characterised by more elaborate musical ornamentation, changes in musical notation , new instrumental playing techniques and the rise of new genres such as opera. Although the term Baroque is conventionally used for European music from about , its full effects were not felt in Britain until after , delayed by native trends and developments in music, religious and cultural differences from many European countries and the disruption to court music caused by the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and Interregnum.
Perhaps because of this, English traditional music has had a rocky relationship with its motherland in modern times. Located on the British Isles at the northwest edge of Europe, England is the largest of the four constituent countries that make up the sovereign state of the United Kingdom. It has a population of more than 50 million living in its , square kilometres and is divided into 48 ceremonial counties. Its national language is English, and the vast majority of the population is monolingual, but indigenous Cornish is also a protected language and in practice hundreds of languages are spoken amongst minority groups, including Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Punjabi, Cantonese, Italian, Polish, Greek and Turkish. More than 10, years ago, as the glaciers of the last ice age retreated, homo sapiens settled in England and, sometime around 5, years ago, built the oldest living traces of Ancient England, including Stonehenge. Celtic tribes from Central France migrated into the region, mixing with the indigenous peoples and embedding their distinct culture 2 nd -1 st C BCE.
England boasts rich culture of music. Music in England has evolved significantly from ancient times to the modern era. We may distinguish secular and sacred music, which include popular and elite renditions in Britain. However, music in Great Britain is made up of different forms influenced by varied nationalities, which entered Britain. The mixture is now visible in its various genres featured prominently due to globalism. The classic British Music has been a mixture of Ars Nova polyphony of the early stages of music in Europe.
Commercial music enjoyed by the people can be seen to originate in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with the arrival of the broadside ballad , which were sold cheaply and in great numbers until the nineteenth century. By indigenous forms of British popular music were already giving way to the influence of American forms of music including jazz , swing and traditional pop , mediated through film and records. The significant change of the mids was the impact of American rock and roll , which provided a new model for performance and recording, based on a youth market. By the early s the British had developed a viable national music industry and began to produce adapted forms of American music in beat music and British blues which would be re-exported to America by bands such as The Beatles and Rolling Stones. The development of British blues rock helped revitalised rock music and led to the growing distinction between pop and rock music. In the mids, British bands were at the forefront in the creation of the hard rock genre. While pop music continued to dominate the singles charts, teen culture continued to dominate.