New York, NY — April 23, — New, nationally projectable survey results released today by the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids and MetLife Foundation confirmed that one in four teens has misused or abused a prescription Rx drug at least once in their lifetime — a 33 percent increase over the past five years. One in eight teens 13 percent now reports that they have taken the stimulants Ritalin or Adderall when it was not prescribed for them, at least once in their lifetime. Contributing to this sustained trend in teen medicine abuse are the lax attitudes and beliefs of parents and caregivers.
Short Term Effects of Vicodin
Vicodin is an prescription painkiller medication that is comprised of two substances:. Hydrocodone is an opiate drug that works as a pain reliever , useful in managing multiple levels of pain with similar efficacy to morphine. In addition, hydrocodone has some utility as a cough suppressant similar to codeine. The second substance contained in this combination pharmaceutical - acetaminophen - is an antipyretic or fever-reducer and mild pain reliever found in many over-the-counter products. In addition to Vicodin, hydrocodone is made available on the pharmaceutical market under multiple generic and trade name formulations. It is commonly obtained under the following brand names:. In , hydrocodone was the most frequently dispensed opiate medication--with million prescriptions according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. Of these million, Vicodin and Lortab are the most commonly prescribed forms. In an effort to limit the potential for abuse, Vicodin was moved from a Schedule III controlled substance to a Schedule II controlled substance in This decision places limits on prescriptions of Vicodin and increases penalties for possession and distribution of the substance.
What is the scope of prescription drug misuse?
Recent survey research has documented important increases during the s in the misuse and abuse of several prescription drugs Vicodin, Percocet, Codeine, Dilaudid, Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, Ativan, Adderall, Ritalin, among others. This article focuses upon the patterns of pill use and misuse among young women who are middle-class white and college-educated, and they are also experienced marijuana users who report recreational consumption of other illegal drugs. Three patterns of pill use were observed: recreational; quasi-medical; and legal medical; shifts among these patterns of pill use was common. Few reported that their pill use interfered with their conventional jobs and lifestyles; they concealed such use from their employers and coworkers, and from non-using friends and family members. None reported contacts with police nor seeking treatment specifically for their pill misuse. Many reported misusing prescription pills in conjunction with illegal drugs marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy and alcohol. Pills were used as a way to enhance the euphoric effects of other drugs, as well as a way to avoid the negative side effects of illegal drugs.
Vicodin is a narcotic that can produce a calm, euphoric state similar to heroin or morphine—and despite such important and obvious benefits in pain relief, evidence is pointing to chronic addiction. Pure hydrocodone, the narcotic in Vicodin, is a Schedule II substance, closely controlled with restricted use. But very few prescription drugs are pure hydrocodone. Instead, small amounts of are mixed with other non-narcotic ingredients to create medicines like Vicodin and Lortab. This means they can be classified under Schedule III with fewer restrictions on their use and distribution. Vicodin addiction is a growing crisis in the United States. While illegal drugs like cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, and heroin remain in the headlines many individuals may be surprised to know that Vicodin addiction could lurk right behind them as one of the most widely-abused drugs of addiction. In fact, the federal Drug Enforcement Administration believes Vicodin may be the most abused prescription drug in the country.